Allusions to the Book of Revelation in Rock Music

All of my life I have loved listening to hard rock and metal. I absolutely love listening to ACDC, Aerosmith, Iron Maiden, Judas Priest, and many other bands, both well-known and obscure. Granted, I will listen to bands from other genres, metal is just my preference As this semester has gone along I have begun to pick up reference to the New Testament in several songs that I never picked up on. I wish to discuss a few of those songs that either alluded to or just outright quoted scripture from Revelation.

The first song I wish to discuss is a rather obvious and polarizing song. Iron Maiden’s title track from the album Number of the Beast caused massive controversy when it was released in the 1980s as it was accused of being satanic, which, if I can digress for a minute, really is not. Rather, it is just a story of a guy walking from his house and encountering a satanic ritual. But, I guess that is a matter of interpretation.

Album Cover for Number of the Beast

Album Cover for Number of the Beast

Anyways, the intro to the song paraphrases a couple of verses. The intro goes like this, “Woe unto you oh Earth and sea. For the Devil sends the beast with wrath because he knows the time is short. Let him who hath understanding reckon the number of the beast for it is a human number. Its number is 666.” The first half of the intro, ending with ‘he knows the time is short’ is paraphrasing part of Revelation 12:12. The other half of the intro is paraphrasing Revelation 13:11.


Another song that alludes to Revelation is a song called Lake of Fire. This song, written by the Meat Puppets in 1984 and later covered by Nirvana in their appearance on MTV Unplugged in 1993, is a song that contemplates ‘where bad people go when they die. They don’t go to Heaven where the angels fly.’  This is of course an allusion to the Lake of Fire mentioned in Revelation 19 and 20.

27146783 nirvana_smiley_face_logo_meaning_kurt_cobain

Another band that makes a lot of allusions to the Bible in general, including Revelation, is U2. Granted, they’re not one of my favorites but I do listen to them from time to time. They have had several songs that have made allusions to the book. In their song Fire they would begin each stanza with an allusion to Revelation 6, in which ‘the sun is burning black, the moon is running red, and the stars are falling down.’ Another song from their album The Joshua Tree, called Where the Streets Have No Name, makes an allusion to Revelation 22:1. This song states, “Although I’m sure there are several layers of meaning to this image, I cannot imagine someone who knows the Bible as well as Bono describing an ideal place in terms of “streets” without thinking of the description of the great street in the kingdom of Heaven.”


The book of Revelation has made a huge impact in the music genre. It would seem that allusions to the book are found just about everywhere.


Is Baptism Necessary for Salvation?

Baptism is an act that Christians have been doing for nearly two thousand years. I have always thought that baptism was something you did after you were saved. But, in Acts 2:38, Peter said to “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ…and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” From the sounds of this baptism is necessary for salvation. So this begs the question: is baptism truly necessary for salvation.


There are several verses in the New Testament that seemingly contradict what Acts 2:38 says. “First, it is quite clear from such passages as Acts 15 and Romans 4 that no external act is necessary for salvation. Salvation is by divine grace through faith alone (Romans 3:22, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30; 4:5; Galatians 2:16; Ephesians 2:8-9; Philippians 3:9, etc.).” ( Every one of these verses pretty much state that through Christ comes salvation.

Another thing to consider is that in Acts 3 Paul never mentions anything about baptism in his ministry in the chapter. ( Let’s also look at the teachings of Jesus. “If Peter, in Acts 2:38, was saying one has to be baptized in order to be saved he would have violated the clear teaching of Ephesians 2:8-9 and the preaching of Jesus Christ.” ( The biggest example of this is John 3:16, where Jesus was teaching Nicodemus about how one gets into Heaven. Not once in this discussion did Jesus mention baptism.

A depiction of Jesus talking to Nicodemus

A depiction of Jesus talking to Nicodemus

So then, from this perspective, what exactly is the purpose of baptism? For most it is a religious ceremony that one does after one is saved. Typically, the idea is that baptism “is also a ceremony where one person performs a religious rite on another person; but, we are saved by faith alone, and anything else we do, including ceremonies, will not help.” (


But what about those who believe that baptism is necessary? Surely there is a reason for this? Let’s first examine the viewpoint of a major sect of Christianity who believes it is: the Catholics. The Catholics tend to take the Bible extremely literally. They cite John 3:5 and Mark 16:16, among other verses, which pretty much say that those who believe and are baptized will be saved. ( “Christians [Catholics] have always interpreted the Bible literally when it declares, “Baptism . . . now saves you, not as a removal of dirt from the body, but as an appeal to God for a clear conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ” (1 Pet. 3:21; cf. Acts 2:38, 22:16, Rom. 6:3–4, Col. 2:11–12).” (

A Catholic baptism.

A Catholic baptism.

In conclusion, I personally believe that baptism is a way of outwardly showing that you are committing your life to God, but the only way to be saved is to accept Christ into your heart. However, I understand where those who interpret the Bible as saying that baptism is necessary since there are several verses that essentially says it is. It’s just a matter of interpretation.

The Apocryphon of John: What Are Aeons and Archons?

If you have ever read the gospel of John, then the Apocryphon of John will feel remarkably familiar to you. “The text exists in three versions translated from the original Greek into Coptic.” It also existed sometime before A.D. 185.  ( This gospel holds much of the mysticism and gnostic ideas that were found in the Gospel of John. There are three translated versions of this gospel. The version I’m covering is the long version.

One of the found manuscripts of the book

One of the found manuscripts of the book

The story begins with the apostle John who, after an incident with a Pharisee, was grieving and questioning who the Lord was and why he was sent to Earth. Suddenly, the Lord appeared before John and changed his form several times. John was in fear at the sight of the Lord, so the Lord banished John’s fears. Jesus then proceeds to answer many of John’s questions through long stories about the past. It is here that the story takes some weird twists and turns as it covers many ideas and topics and ideas that were not present in the New Testament, such as Archons and Aeons. At one point, Jesus even reveals that he caused Adam to eat from the Tree of Knowledge. Christ also introduces many names of being that were never seen anywhere in the New Testament. The story ends with Jesus telling John that he has told him everything he needs to know so that John can write down what Jesus said and “give them secretly to your fellow spirits.”

This gospel holds similarities to the Gospel of John in that it presents Jesus as an all-powerful being without form, which is a gnostic idea. This idea was not found in any of the other synoptic gospels. However, there are some major differences in the Apocryphon of John that was not present in the synoptic gospels, including the Gospel of John. Most of these differences are the names of several beings found in the Apocryphon. The main two who were unique to this work were Yaltabaoth, ‘a being who believed himself to be the only god,’ and Barbelo, who appeared as something akin to the Holy Spirit. (

As I read this the big question that came to mind was “What are archons and aeons?”


I myself had never heard these terms before I read this Apocrypha. Let us begin with the aeons. The aeons are believed to be various emanations of God. ( The gnostics believed that there were 30 aeons, each of which had separate duties and all are subservient to God. (

A chart of the aeons.

A chart of the aeons.

The other beings I wish to investigate are the archons. The archons are the children of a being called Yaltabaoth (who is the child of an aeon named Sophia). There were 12 archons. “Seven of the archons were to rule the seven heavens, and five would rule in the abyss, which Yaldabaoth created with the archons.” ( In other words, the archons were agents of evil created by Yaldabaoth to create an empire.


I believe that because of all of the differences in the Apocryphon of John caused it to be removed from the main canon. There were so many ideas and beings found in this book that are foreign to most Christians. This would have gone against the main narrative of the canon and therefore would have been removed.

Why Did Jesus Call Himself the Son of Man?

As I was reading John, as well as the rest of the Synoptic Scriptures for that matter, I began to wonder, “Why does Jesus call himself the Son of Man. After all, he is the Son of God right?” It seems to me that Jesus is just contradicting himself with the two titles. This lead to me asking the question: Why does Jesus call himself the Son of Man?


The term “Son of Man” occurred many times throughout the Synoptic Scriptures. “The term the Son of Man occurs in Matthew 32 times, in Mark 15 times, in Luke 26 times, and in John 12 times.”  ( Obviously, this was one of Jesus’s favorite titles for himself. In fact, it was a largely self-given title for himself. Of the twelve times in the book of John he was called the Son of Man, ten of those times Jesus used this term to describe himself. ( So why use this term so many times then? Surely there is some greater meaning to the title.


But Jesus isn’t the only one to refer to himself as the “Son of Man.”  The term was also used in the Old Testament prophecy about the upcoming Messiah. “The Book of Daniel predicted that the Son of Man would inherit God’s everlasting kingdom.” ( Therefore, the term must have had plenty of significance. But what does it all mean?

Daniel 7:13-14

Daniel 7:13-14

On the surface I believe it is safe to say that the term “Son of Man” quite obviously means that he is the son of a man. Which, he was the son of the Virgin Mary. “He was conceived of the Holy Spirit in the virgin Mary.” ( Since he was conceived from the Holy Spirit, why didn’t he just call himself the Son of God to reaffirm his divinity?

Since Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, he became a man. The term “Son of Man” doesn’t mean that he had lost his deity, but rather he gained humanity. “By becoming a man, Jesus did not cease being God. The incarnation of Christ did not involve the subtraction of deity, but the addition of humanity. Jesus clearly claimed to be God on many occasions.” ( There are other connotations to the term as well. ‘The term also refers to the suffering he would have to endure while he was alive as well as his rule over humanity.’ ( The suffering he would endure refers to the events leading up to and including the crucifixion. His rule over humanity is backed up by Matthew 25:31, which states, “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne.”

Jesus on the throne.

Jesus on the throne.

I believe that the term “Son of Man” was used by Jesus to show that, not only was he the son of God, but to also show his humanity as well. In this earthly body, Jesus would be able to show how man is supposed to live.

Why Are The Genealogies of Jesus In Matthew and Luke Different?

Throughout the Bible there have been numerous genealogies about some of the more important people. Jesus is no exception to this, as his genealogy is given twice in the New Testament, one in Matthew and the other in Luke. However, there are several discrepancies between the two. This has led me to ask this question: “Why are the two genealogies of Jesus different?”


Before we get into the why, I feel like it is important to find what the differences are. While Matthew and Luke give the genealogies in different orders (Luke goes backwards in time while Matthew goes in chronological order), different names begin to appear. “Though nearly identical from Abraham to David, the two accounts are entirely different from David to Jesus. After David, only the names of Shealtiel and Zerubbabel appear on both lists.” ( The biggest difference comes as to who Joseph’s father is. Matthew states that Jacob is the father of Joseph, while Luke states that Heli is his father.


So why is there a difference? There are several different theories circling around as to why this is.  However, only two of these hold any kind of weight. These two are the ones we’ll be looking at.

The first theory is that Matthew directly explored the lineage of Jesus through Joseph, as it was customary to look at a lineage through a person’s father, while Luke is taking into account the idea of levirate marriage. What is levirate marriage?  “If a married man died childless, his brother was required to marry his wife to provide a son to continue the dead man’s line.” ( In this case, “Melchi (Luke 3:24) and Matthan (Matthew 1:15) were married at different times to the same woman (tradition names her Estha). This would make Heli (Luke 3:23) and Jacob (Matthew 1:15) half-brothers.” ( If this is the case, then Heli died without a son, meaning that his half-brother Jacob married Estha and had a son, Joseph. However, this theory is not generally accepted by Biblical scholars.


The other one, which is the one theory that is accepted by scholars, is that Matthew traces Jesus’s genealogy through his father (Joseph), while Luke explores it through his mother (Mary). This makes sense due to the fact that it was customary to give a genealogy through the father’s bloodline, not the mother’s. It should be noted that since Joseph wasn’t Jesus’s actual father (Jesus is the Son of God after all), this would make Joseph Jesus’s father-in-law. “Since there was no Greek word for “son-in-law,” Joseph was called the “son of Heli” by marriage to Mary, Heli’s daughter.” ( The one hitch in this theory is that Joseph, not Mary, is mentioned in the genealogy provided by Luke. There is an explanation for this. ‘We can understand the statement about Joseph, that he was “the son of Heli,” to mean that he was his son-in-law, as the husband of his daughter Mary (as in Ru 1:11, 12), and believe that Joseph’s name is only introduced instead of Mary’s, in conformity with the Jewish custom in such tables. Perhaps this view is attended with fewest difficulties, as it certainly is the best supported.’ (

This is easy to follow right? My brain hurts already!

This is easy to follow right? My brain hurts already!

We may never know the real explanation of why the genealogies are different. Even though there are two solid theories as to why this is, they are just theories, not fact.

What Is the Significance of the Mustard Seed?

In Mark, as well as Matthew, we see Jesus use the mustard seed in his parables. I’ve never seen a mustard seed and never saw its importance other than for making the condiment mustard. So today I wish to pursue this question: what is the significance of the mustard seed?

Mustard seeds

I suppose the best place to start is to figure out just what exactly a mustard seed is and how does it grow? As it turns out, mustard seeds are incredibly tiny. ‘Mustard seeds are globular in shape and are only about 1/10 inch in diameter. They come in two colors: white (which is actually light yellow) and brown.’ ( Interestingly enough, the seed, not the plant, is used to make the mustard condiment.

A Mustard Seed

A Mustard Seed

However, the plant will grow extremely fast from its seed form. In a short amount of time the plant will develop ‘blooms that are intensely yellow. They reach their full height of around 5 to 6 ½ feet tall and ditch the flowers in favor of numerous seed pods on their branches.’ (

A Blooming Mustard Plant

A Blooming Mustard Plant

So what does the humble mustard seed have to do with the teachings of Jesus? When describing the Kingdom of Heaven in Mark 4, Jesus states, “It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when sown on the ground, is the smallest of all the seeds on earth, yet when it is sown it grows up and becomes larger than all the garden plants and puts out large branches, so that the birds of the air can make nests in its shade.”

You may be asking yourself, ‘what does this mean?’ Well, as we know, mustard seeds ‘are small, can spread rapidly, and can grow to be unusually big.’ ( The mustard seed is therefore used to represent the church, its growth throughout the world, and the evils of the world that it will face.

“The picture painted in the Parable of the Mustard Seed by Jesus is of the humble beginnings of the church experiencing an explosive rate of growth. It grows large and becomes a source of food, rest, and shelter, for both believers and false professing individuals that seek to consume or take advantage of its benefits while residing or mixing among what was produced by the seed.”


Depiction of Jesus teaching the Mustard Seed Parable

Depiction of Jesus teaching the Mustard Seed Parable

As we know, early Christianity was extremely tiny. However, it has grown to be arguably the largest religion in the world.

However, there is one more thing I found in my research that I found to be interesting. Jesus stated that the mustard seed as the smallest seed in the world. However, I found that the mustard seed in all actuality isn’t the smallest. That distinction belongs to the orchid seed.

An Orchid

An Orchid

So why would Jesus have that wrong? There is one plausible answer. “It’s important to remember that the Bible often uses everyday terminology in order to communicate simple truth.” ( Also, these other seeds are not found in the region of Palestine and would probably be unknown to the people of the region. However, the mustard seed would be the smallest local grown seed. It all comes down to getting the point across.

It’s hard to believe that such a small seed could be an important teaching tool in the Bible. But as we have seen, it was very instrumental in the use of one of the most well-known parables used by Jesus in the New Testament.

Was John the Baptist Just The Fulfillment of the Elijah Prophecy?

As I was reading Matthew I had a thought about John the Baptist. Given the fact that in Matthew 11 Jesus says John the Baptist is Elijah I began to wonder, was John the Baptist actually Elijah himself, or was he merely the fulfillment of the prophecy spoken of in Malachi?


Let’s explore the angle of John being Elijah himself first. To do this, we need descriptions of the two. ‘Elijah wore a camel’s hair girdle and he wore a rough garment.’ ( Here is the description of John from the 3rd chapter of Matthew: “Now John wore a garment of camel’s hair and a leather belt around his waist, and his food was locusts and wild honey.” As we can see, the descriptions are already strikingly similar. This can raise another question: does this mean that John was the reincarnation of Elijah?

John the Baptist

John the Baptist



In a word: no. ‘The idea of reincarnation was completely foreign to the Jews and faithful Jews would have rejected this notion. Besides, Elijah didn’t die; he was taken up in a whirlwind.’ ( It is also unlikely that John was just Elijah assuming a new identity. In chapter 17, Moses and Elijah appeared before Jesus and the apostles in the transfiguration.


The Transfiguration

However, we cannot ignore the return prophecy, which states that Elijah must come first and restore all things before the Lord comes. Also, in response to the apostles’ question on the matter, Jesus states, “But I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but did to him whatever they pleased.” The apostles understood that he was talking about John the Baptist.

So, how was John the Baptist not actually Elijah then? Well, the answer comes in the book of Luke. “In Luke 1:17, we learn that the angel Gabriel told Zacharias, John’s father, that John would fulfill Malachi 4:6, stating that he would go before the Lord ‘in the spirit and power of Elijah.’” ( Also, John himself denied being Elijah. With the way he preached his ministry, John the Baptist was denying that he was Elijah. At the same time, he knew that he was ‘to function in that role in the in the spirit of Elijah.’ (


Interestingly enough, ‘the whole debate about the Elijah prophecy was the reason why the Jewish people rejected Jesus as the Messiah.’ The priests interpreted the prophecy as to saying Elijah would literally raise up out of the ground, or come down from Heaven (not reincarnated as demonstrated earlier). Since the messenger was John the Baptist and not Elijah himself, the Jewish people felt that Jesus was lying. (

Speculation continues today as to the true identity of John the Baptist. Given the research, I believe that John the Baptist was indeed the fulfillment of the prophecy, but he was neither Elijah nor the incarnation of Elijah.

Allusions To the Bible In Halo

The Halo franchise has been one of the best gaming franchises in history. It has had one of the biggest influences in the history of the first person shooter genre since the first game came out in 2002.


The series revolves around a cybernetically-enhanced supersoldier named Master Chief. Throughout the series he helps defend the Earth from various threats in the distant future (all of the games take place either during or after the year 2552).

Master Chief

Master Chief

The Halo series has also had subtle allusions to various religions, including Christianity. Today I wish to focus on a couple of allusions: a species called the Flood, who appear in nearly all of the games, and the Ark, which appeared in Halo 3.

The alien species known as the Flood have been seen in some capacity in every Halo game up to date. They are a parasitic species that prey on any and all sentient life. They reproduce by eating a life form. When they do this, they infect said life form with a virus that mutates the host into another Flood organism. As they spread around the galaxy they infected numerous organisms and threatened the existence of everything in the Milky Way.

The Flood: Hideous Bunch of Cusses, Aren't They?

The Flood: Hideous Bunch of Cusses, Aren’t They?

To counter this threat, a people that that has long been extinct known as the Forerunners created a giant structure called Installation 00. One of its functions was to be a safe haven for all creatures in the galaxy from the threat of the Flood. This is why this structure is also referred to as the Ark.

The Ark as it appears in Halo 3

The Ark as it appears in Halo 3

This is why I believe this can be construed as an allusion to the Great Flood in Genesis. As instructed by Yahweh, Noah built the ark to save all of the creatures of the Earth from the flood that Yahweh would unleash upon the Earth, destroying everyone and everything that wasn’t in the ark. Likewise, the Ark in Halo 3 was created to protect all life in the galaxy from the parasitic Flood.

However, I also believe there is more to the Ark than this. While it is able to protect life, it also has the ability to destroy all organic life. The other purpose of the Ark was to create, repair, and control a series of seven giant rings known as the Halo Array. The Forerunners made these rings with the knowledge that, once they detonated, they could destroy all organic life that is inside the blast radius, including the Flood. This is why its other purpose was to preserve life in the galaxy.

One of the seven rings in the Halo Array.

One of the seven rings in the Halo Array.

I believe that the Ark may also be an allusion to the Ark of the Covenant. In the text, anyone who touched the Ark of the Covenant would instantly die. It was, in a way, a weapon of mass destruction (such as in the case of Jericho). In the Halo series, the Ark had the power to cause the destruction of all people. Also, the Ark of the Covenant was worshipped by the Israelites as it was a relic from God that housed the Ten Commandments. In Halo, the Ark was worshipped by a group of aliens called the Covenant who worshipped anything made by the Forerunners.

Halo has been considered a one of the greatest franchises in the history of gaming. While it may not look like it upon the surface, it has been influenced by various religions, especially Christianity.

The Significance of Deer In Wisdom Literature

As I was reading Proverbs I kept finding the use of deer. This was the first time I had ever seen the use of deer in the Bible. In Song of Solomon, the two lovers kept comparing each other to gazelles. I never knew that gazelles were used either, especially since this is the first time I had ever read Song of Solomon. So this got me wondering, just what exactly is the significance of deer and gazelles.


To begin with, I never knew there were deer or gazelles anywhere near Israel. I always thought they were in North America (in the case of deer) and Africa (in the case of gazelles). As it turns out, Israel is home to two species of deer: the fallow deer and roe deer. ( Israel is also one of the homes to a species of gazelle called Mountain Gazelles. (

“The fallow deer is naturally very timorous. It was regarded by the Jews as clean and good for food.”( Deer are also symbolic of youth and beauty. (

Gazelles are held in very similar regards. The wild gazelle is loved for the soft expressions and luster of its eyes. (

But, there has to be a deeper meaning to all of this, right? There is absolutely no way it can be that simple.


I believe a good way to go about this is to figure out just what exactly does it mean to be like a deer. Let’s look at some examples. In Proverbs 5:18 and 19 a man’s wife is being compared to a loving doe and a graceful deer. The verses say: “Let your fountain be blessed, and rejoice in the wife of your youth, a lovely deer, a graceful doe. Let her breasts fill you at all times with delight; be intoxicated always in her love.”( So, what does this mean? These verses are referring to the love between a man and wife. Given this I can only assume that to be like a deer must mean to be a loving person. (


What about gazelles? They were mentioned in Song of Solomon (rather humorously in my mind of a three year old).  Apparently, gazelles are symbolic of swiftness. They are also representative a lover or a fiancé. ( Song of Solomon uses the example of gazelles numerous times. In chapter 2: 8 and 9, Solomon’s lover describes him as a gazelle leaping over mountains. In chapter 4:5, Solomon describes her breasts as two gazelles that are grazing among the lilies (one can only imagine just what exactly Solomon had going on in his mind…pervert).


Solomon comes back again in chapter 7:3 describing his lover’s breasts as two fawns that are a gazelle’s twins. I guess Solomon really likes watching leaping gazelles out in the wild.


While it is hard to imagine Bambi having any kind of significance in the text, there is a deeper meaning to deer and gazelles in the text. Although any references of the animals in Song of Solomon is rather hilarious if you are like me and have the maturity of a 3rd grader, deer apparently did have a great importance in the Bible.


Allusion In Final Fantasy IV

The Final Fantasy franchise has been known to draw off of influences from several different religions in every single game. Nods to Christianity, as well as other religions, can be found everywhere if you know where to look. Today I wish to look specifically at Final Fantasy IV (released as Final Fantasy II in the US, which is very confusing), which was released for the Super Nintendo by a company called Square Enix in 1991. This game had a couple of very obvious allusions to the Old Testament.

The Japanese Box Art For The Game

The Japanese Box Art For The Game

The first allusion I wish to look is an area in the game called the Tower of Babil. In the game, the tower is said to reach from the Underworld to the Overworld. The origin of the tower is unknown. The tower is used by an evil sorcerer named Golbez to summon a giant of destruction.

The Tower of Babil from the SNES version

The Tower of Babil from the SNES version

The tower houses a large giant, as mentioned before, called the Giant of Babil. This giant is a very large machine which has the capability of destroying the world.

The Giant of Babil as it appears in the DS remake

The Giant of Babil as it appears in the DS remake

This is of course an allusion to the Tower of Babel found in Genesis 11. In Genesis, the people of the world spoke a single language. As the people expanded they sought to build a tower that would reach up to Heaven. In verse 7 God ‘confounds’ the people by splitting them up across the globe and causing them to speak different languages.
While there were no giant metal monsters in Genesis there is a similarity in the two stories. In both Final Fantasy IV and Genesis a being sought to confound the people, albeit the giant in FFIV seeks to confound the people of Earth by destroying them while in the book of Genesis God merely causes the people to speak different languages.

The other allusion found in Final Fantasy IV comes in the form of the name of a character and his weapon. One of the protagonists who became a tragic figure in the game is known as Kain Highwind. During the course of the game he is brainwashed by Golbez into doing his bidding. As a result, Kain betrays his adopted brother Cecil and nearly kills him. Kain’s most powerful weapon he gains over the course of the game is known as Abel’s Lance.

Kain Highwind with Abel's Lance

Kain Highwind with Abel’s Lance

This is of course an allusion to the story of Cain and Abel, which is found in Genesis 4. In this story, Cain becomes jealous of his younger brother Abel because God had rejected Cain’s offering but had accepted Abel’s. In a fit of jealousy and rage, Cain leads Abel out into a field and then murders him.
Although the circumstances are different, the main narrative is the same in both stories. One brother betrays the other and tries to kill him, although Cain in the Genesis story succeeds.

The Final Fantasy franchise has always drawn from influences from various religions, especially Christianity, although the games never take a religious stance. Final Fantasy IV (Final Fantasy II in the US) is just another example of this.